My name is Linus. I am a designer and researcher specialising in architectural experiences, design cognition, and machine learning for design.

Architectural researcher and lecturer

I am an architecture lecturer and researcher at Swinburne University of Technology. I teach architectural communication and I research design cognition, and machine learning for design, experience-based architecture, and architectural allegories.

Managing director

I am also the managing director of s’more design. At s’more design, we create humble, curated, and playful architectural experiences.

Research Projects

Click here to see my past research and publications.

Machine Learning for Architecture and Design

This research explores and measures how machine learning changes the way architects and design teams think, act, and learn about design. I am working on:

  • Using AI MidJourney to enhance divergent and convergent thinking in an architect’s creative design process
  • Integrating AI into design workflows: Assisting visual and verbal creativity in idea development
  • Using machine learning as a material to generate and refine aircraft design prototypes

Building high-performing architecture teams

This research examines the roles of team learning and reflective practice in the performance of architecture teams. I am working on:

  • Performance of architectural teams: The role of team learning, reflexivity, boundary crossing and error communication
  • Picking a design or a design team? The role of Reflective Practice and Team Learning in architecture competitions
  • Using Design Thinking to guide architectural team reflection
  • Advancing Donald Schon’s Reflective Practitioner: Where to next?


For a list of my writings, click here.

The future of work-life balance

in Beulah International Labs

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many of us were asked to work from home. While some argue that the lack of interruptions has led to increased productivity, others have also complained that the distractions at home have made it difficult, sometimes even impossible, to focus on work. So, is there any consensus of what will help workers stay productive while working from home? Read more…

Pandemics shape our cites

in Pandemic Society, Non Architecture Publication

Living with Covid-19 is a new experience for all of us. Yet, living with pandemics is far from new for our cities. Throughout history, our built environment has suffered many major health crises, such as cholera, Spanish flu and tuberculosis. And each time, our cities pulled through. Perhaps, we can find solutions to this pandemic in our history books. Read more…

Starting a consultancy can be like finding a date

for Research Whisperer

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected many universities across the world. It disrupted their revenue streams and most universities are finding leaner ways to operate. For many, this means laying off staff and discontinuing contracts. So, I thought it might be useful for me to share how I started consulting while working as a casual in universities. I hope some of these techniques can help you get your foot into the industry. Read more…

Treat networking like a research project

in Research Whisperer

I’m an introverted researcher. I’m uncomfortable with attending social events to meet new people, which can be problematic when it comes to expanding my network. I know networks are really important for a career, and I know how much of an issue networking can be for me, so I try to be considered and prepared about what I do. I need more of a run-up to networking than some others, and this post shares the four steps I take to ease myself into making new connections. Read more…


Click here to see my past design projects.

NExT Lab

for: Melbourne School of Design
type: Architecture
with: Fabrication Workshop

The NExT Lab is home to a cluster of 32 3D printers and offers 3D printing service to the University of Melbourne. The lab acts as a participatory “gallery” for experiencing new technology, provoking larger conversations about the future and technologies part in it. Throughout the day passers-by can observe the bank of 3D printers producing models continuously, along with a digital exhibition of projects on its walls to provide constant visual excitement and attraction.

view project

World Economic Forum, Teh Tarik Man

for: Red Hong Yi
type: Installation
with: One Design Office

Red Hong Yi is an international artist who ‘paints without a brush’ and is known to create artworks using everyday objects. In 2015, she was commissioned to represent Malaysian culture as an artwork at the World Economic Forum. For the showcase, she illustrated the Teh Tarik Man (Malaysian barista) with 20,000 used tea bags. Photographs of the ‘Tarik Man’ were taken, pixelated and coded to create instructions on how the tea bags were arranged and assembled.

view project

Southbank by Beulah Architecture Competition

for: Southbank by Beulah
type: Competition brief writing
with: One Design Office

As the population grows and lifestyles change and evolve, so too does the need for development designed for current and future generations. Beyond Melbourne, cities are beginning to display positive efforts of future-proofing by using big data and employing smart interventions. Architects, designers and engineers play an ever-important role in being able to shape communities and optimise lifestyles. Contextualised, these solutions tend to be climatically and culturally specific, adding layers onto the richness of a city’s past. So how do we future proof Melbourne? How do we ensure the viability of life through exponential growth?

view project

Masda Piezo Oasis

for: Land Art Generator Abu Dhabi
type: Architecture
with: Prof Justyna Karakiewicz, Prof Tom Kvan, Dr Elena Vanz

In a barren landscape springs a cluster of trees, leaves and fronds swaying in the wind. Oases are a source of life-giving resources, places of shade and respite, opportunities for calm and contemplation. This oasis converts a site in Masdar city into an oasis that provides energy. Shaded by the branches and leaves, the ground plane echoes traditional gardens while overhead piezo harvesters gather energy from the movement of air. This is piezo oasis, translating the natural form into an urban experience with the aid of piezo technology.

view project


Click here to see my past teaching.

Studio (Un)Real: Future Food Systems

for: Swinburne University of Technology

Designing architecture experiences for future generations requires an experience-based approach towards future thinking. I led Master of Architecture students through an experiential-based design framework, coupled with a futureneering process to develop Food innovation hubs for a post-climate changed Melbourne City in 2049.

Procedural Design Strategies

for: University of Melbourne
with: Prof Justyna Karakiewicz, Onur Tumturk, Siavash Malek

Designing urban proposals while creating intimate city experiences is a challenging task that involves designing on two different scales. By using procedural design strategies, small spatial designs can be aggregated to form large building typologies. I provided technical assistance to Master of Architecture students on using generative design tools (Grasshopper) to develop such architecture and urban proposals for their design studios.

3D Scanning and Printing

for: Swinburne University of Technology
with: Chen Canhui, Ravi Bessabava

Can we leverage natural systems in our design workflows? How can we capture organic forms and biological textures that are challenging to model using computer software? What outcomes do we get when we merge multiple systems together? In this subject, we learn 3D scanning techniques, digital design modelling, and 3D prototyping tools to explore and materialise design ideas.

Bio-digital Futures

for: Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC)
with: Chen Canhui, A/Prof John Sadar

Can the living replace the non-living? Can the natural replace the artificial? Can structures be grown? In this summer school, we explore how mycelium can be used with digital design and fabrication techniques for the construction industry.


Unknown Futures: What design can teach us about navigating uncertainty

for: Design Factory Melbourne Research Insights

It is undeniable that technologies are replacing our workforces. Labour-intensive roles are gradually being replaced by automated technologies whereas artificial intelligence is endangering roles once thought to be safe from the machines. Without a doubt, the future of work is yet to be set in stone. Perhaps, it will never be. With such uncertainties ahead of us, how can design make us future-ready?

Knowledge strategies for architects

for: Design Research Society Conference

Traditionally, architects work independently to design a building. By reflecting on past projects, they build their individual knowledge, which carries into their future creation through best practices and experiential insights. Now, architects often design in teams. This opens up the broad question, how do architecture teams contribute their individual knowledge to a project effectively and without conflict?

Business strategies for architects

for: Swinburne University of Technology

What is a business strategy? How do you use it? When is it time to change it? And how do you know if it is working? Many architects work without a business plan, and many more without a business strategy. But without a strategy, how do you know where the business is going?

Finding and using ambiguity to search for innovation opportunities

for: Australian Centre for Exntrepreneurship Research Exchange

Typically, entrepreneurs discover business opportunities by defining the problem, ideating, then validating their prototypes. However, there is also a lesser-known approach, which is to keep the problem vague for as long as possible so that opportunities emerge from its ambiguity.

Say hi!

Ask me anything via email. If you like, I am also reachable on ResearchGate, Twitter, and Linkedin.

Keen to collaborate? Ask me anything and I will prepare a capability pack for you.